Acrylic fiber is polyacrylonitrile, the main component is acrylonitrile, containing a small amount of other ingredients. The acrylic fabric is dyed brightly and the light resistance is the first of all kinds of fabrics. Its abrasion resistance is the best among various synthetic fabrics. Therefore, acrylic fabrics are suitable for outdoor clothing, swimwear and children’s clothing.
The acrylic fabric has poor hygroscopicity, is easily stained, and has a sultry feel, but its dimensional stability is good.
Acrylic fabric has better heat resistance, second in the composite fiber, and is resistant to acids, oxidants and organic solvents, and is relatively sensitive to alkali.
Acrylic fabric is a lighter fabric in synthetic fabrics, second only to polypropylene, so it is a good lightweight clothing, such as mountaineering clothes, winter warm clothing.
The acrylic fiber fabric has a marked improvement in dyeing performance after adding a small amount of other ingredients.
Acrylic fiber performance is greatly affected by temperature. Heat treatment is often used to change the quality of acrylic, such as increasing dimensional stability. Synthetic fibers that have been used for a long time include polypropylene, vinylon and ethylene. Research work to expand the range of applications of these fibers and improve their performance is still ongoing.